Van de Rakt, M., Nieuwbeerta, P., & Graaf, de., ND,. (2006). Zo vader, zo zoon? De intergenerationele overdracht van veroordelingen. Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, 48(4), 345-360.
Official data of the Criminal Career and Life Course Study (CCLS) are used to investigate intergenerational transmission of criminal behaviour. The CCLS data used pertain to 899 convicted males, their 1.385 children as well as, in the control group, to 717 non-convicted males and their 1.137 children. Th is article relates convictions of fathers to those of their sons and daughters, and shows a substantial relation, independent of age and sex. In most cases however, children of delinquent fathers do not become delinquents themselves. Testing hypotheses from two criminological theories – the self-control theory and the age-graded theory of informal social control – we find some support for both theories. As the aged-graded theory of informal social control predicts, timing of the off ences committed by the father plays an important role in the probability that the child gets a conviction.
If fathers stop committing delinquent acts before the birth of their child, the chance of a child to be convicted is just as small as that of a child with a non-convicted father. As the self-control theory predicts, there is no indication for the transmission of specific delinquent acts (violent and property-crime).
Dit artikel is in het Nederlands verschenen.
This article appeared in Dutch.